A Scaled Score Scale can have many different possible ranges. There is not only one range for a scaled score. It can be either a 100 or 10, a 1000 or 3. Any range is possible. However, there is an optional range. Small ranges came with discrimination problems. A scale that ranges from 0 to 4, are usually too small to have a good discrimination. Scales with an "intermediate" score discriminate better, specially in psychological tests.

A 1 to 5 scale is going to discriminate better than a scale 1 to 4, or a 1 to 6 scale. Always choose an odd number for your scale, it helps to discriminate the results way better.

Most of the qualitative descriptors in tests follow a similar pattern. Or at least, they should.

A 1 to 5 scale is going to discriminate better than a scale 1 to 4, or a 1 to 6 scale. Always choose an odd number for your scale, it helps to discriminate the results way better.

Most of the qualitative descriptors in tests follow a similar pattern. Or at least, they should.

A **scale score mean** is the average of a group of numbers that have been scaled (for example, the average of all the results of all the students in one same test). A** scale score mean** is calculated by adding all the scores and dividing the result by the number of total scores.

If you already have the scaled scores it would be easier than if you have raw scores, because you will need to scale them.

If you already have the scaled scores follow these examples:

**i.e.** A small math class has 5 students. Their scores in the final test are: 100, 85, 75, 90 and 95. What is the mean scaled score?

We will need to add all of them up and divide the result by 5 (because we have 5 students).

100+85+75+90+95 = 445

445/3 = 89

Result: The mean of those scaled scores is 89.

**i.e.** We have these scaled scores: 10, 15 and 20.

We will need to add all of them up and divide the result by 3 (because we have 3 numbers).

10+15+20 = 45

45/3 = 15

Result: The mean of those scaled scores is 15.

**i.e.** We have these scaled scores: 5, 10, 20 and 5.

We will need to add all of them up and divide the result by 4 (because we have 4 numbers).

5+10+20+5 = 40

40/4 = 10

Result: The mean of those scaled scores is 10.

If you already have the scaled scores it would be easier than if you have raw scores, because you will need to scale them.

If you already have the scaled scores follow these examples:

We will need to add all of them up and divide the result by 5 (because we have 5 students).

100+85+75+90+95 = 445

445/3 = 89

Result: The mean of those scaled scores is 89.

We will need to add all of them up and divide the result by 3 (because we have 3 numbers).

10+15+20 = 45

45/3 = 15

Result: The mean of those scaled scores is 15.

We will need to add all of them up and divide the result by 4 (because we have 4 numbers).

5+10+20+5 = 40

40/4 = 10

Result: The mean of those scaled scores is 10.

Strong descriptors of a scaled score goes as follow:

**1-15 Very weak**

15-30 Weak

30-45 Low

45-55 Medium

55-70 High

70-85 Strong

85-100 Very strong

These scaled score descriptors are based on a random distribution. Other kind of distributions might need different scaled score descriptors.

15-30 Weak

30-45 Low

45-55 Medium

55-70 High

70-85 Strong

85-100 Very strong

These scaled score descriptors are based on a random distribution. Other kind of distributions might need different scaled score descriptors.

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